The 17th century is characterised by religious wars, the Counter-offensive of the papacy, and the monarchical authoritarianism. In this context, the Church instructs works, imposes issues and directs thoughts. Visual arts become in the main weapon of propaganda representing: ecstasy, heavenly visions, the bloody ordeal, worldly renunciation or spiritual anxiety.
Gregorio Fernández, Los Carducho, Martínez Montañés, Alonso Cano, Pedro de Mena, Ribalta o Zurbarán put the strength of Baroque visual art to the service of image in very active places such as Valladolid, Granada or Seville, reaching a high expressive temperature taken from theatrical language. It is the triumph of “cheating” the great topic of the century.
The Baroque in Spain lasted for several decades of the 18th century, although more eclectic and moderately due to the arrival of the Bourbons, social peace, the Frenchness culture and the Enlightenment thinking.
Sculptures like Salzillo, Villabrille, González Velázquez or Carmona, with their own characteristics, compound that eclectic landscape in which late Baroque models coexist with the Rococo sensuality and the Neoclassical purism cold.