One of the keys of the artistic culture of 16th century is variety. Ideas are easily transmitted and the figure of the travelling artist whether Flemish, Spanish or Italian is very common as we can see with the following artists: Felipe of Bigarny, Rofrigo of Holland, Morlanes, Arnao of Brussels, Esteban Jordán, Antonio Moro or Pompeo Leoni. Contemporary sculptors and painters practised different styles, imposing greater uniformity as the century draws on, due to the Italian trend. Alonso Berruguete and Juan de Juni stand out in this atmosphere of archaisms.
The second half of the 16th century is marked by the Council of Trento (completed in 1563), which reaffirmed the authority of Rome over the Catholic Europe doctrinally and aesthetically. The relationship between art and Church is at their best. The devout image is subjected to the rules of moral propriety; postpones the nude and the profane; removes impurities and popular legends; censors any extravagant thing and emphasizes the theological background of controversial issues such as the defence of the Virgin.