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NAPLE Forum was founded on October 4, 2002. It is an international non-governmental association pursuing the interests of the national library authorities in Europe. Its main aim is to promote principles and strategies for public library policies.

The membership of NAPLE is open to all national public library authorities or the nearest equivalent to such a policy making institution with national responsibilities for public library services, or, within a federate system, assuming the appropriate level of such responsibilities.


  • to inform on the present state of the art of public libraries in Europe
  • to inspire to further national development of library services
  • to identify areas suitable for co-operation in the new Europe
  • to identify topics and areas for mutual future investigation and research
  • to support coherent European library policy development

Public Libraries in Europe and COVID-19: Findings from NAPLE Members, April-July 2020

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) began to lead to closures of library buildings to the public at the start of March 2020. NAPLE has produced two reports to summarise the measures taken in response to the virus by public libraries in 20 NAPLE member countries to date[1], with specific focus on the extent of closures across Europe; the engagement of staff during closures; services offered to the public (both physical and online) while buildings were closed; quarantining of books and other health and safety measures; efforts by libraries to support national healthcare initiatives; and library efforts to address misinformation about the COVID-19 virus.

The information contained in the reports is based on responses from NAPLE members submitted to a shared spreadsheet between March 20th and July 14th 2020. As such it should be seen as a snapshot of this period.

This report has been possible thanks to the contributions of NAPLE members and colleagues from the following countries: Belgium (Flanders); Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; England; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Lithuania; Norway; Netherlands; Poland, Portugal; Scotland; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; and Wales.

Full report: Public Libraries in Europe and COVID-19 PDF

European Library Services During COVID19 - Part Two May - July 2020 PDF


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