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Socarrat

Socarrat

Nº inv.: CE1/8468

Socarrat is a Valencian term used for large unglazed fired tiles, decorated with paintings on one of the sides, which in the 15th and 16th centuries were hung between ceiling beams. They were made in Paterna and probably also in Manises, as well as other places such as Aras de Alpuente. The decorative motifs were made of oxides in black and red.

The iconography of the soccarrats is very diverse, including geometric, plants, zoomorphic (including both real animals: bulls, calves, birds, fish and mythical creatures such as the griffin), anthropomorphic (ladies, angels, gallant scenes), epigraphic, medicinal and heraldic. The inscriptions are generally of a religious nature, but there are also those commemorating the construction of buildings. The religious and magical symbols (hand of Fatima, crosses) refer to the protection of the house and construction rites.

This piece is from the second half of the 15th century and depicts a kid and dog with a plant decoration in the background.

In the Sala de la cerámica arquitectónica (Medieval Architectural Ceramics Room), a collection of socarrats are displayed in the same way in which they could be seen in rooms in that era, fulfilling their decorative function between the beams of the ceiling. An important ensemble of embossed socarrats (without painted decorations) is displayed in the ceiling of the Anteoratorio (Anteroom).

On display in the Sala de la cerámica arquitectónica (Medieval Architectural Ceramics Room), second floor.

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