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Allegory of Maritime Trade, Pascual Capuz

Allegory of Maritime Trade, Pascual Capuz

Inv. No. CE4/00373

This print was made with the techniques of etching and aquatint. Etching, as opposed to engraving, uses a nitric acid solution to bite into metal, and has been used since the 15thcentury to engrave on copperplates. At first it was used as an addition to engraving, and then from the 17th century onwards etching with acid became the main technique.

The aquatint technique emerged in the 18th century as a way to capture in etchings, the tonal effects of washes in drawings. With this technique, large segments of a plate are exposed to acid. The print was made with bistre ink. This print is an allegory of maritime trade in which Capuz Pascual (1882-1959) shows Mercury, the Roman god of trade, with his caduceus (a herald's staff with two entwined snakes), his petasos (a wide-brimmed winged hat) and winged sandals. He is joined by a female figure and they are both flanked by two cornucopias. His feet rest on a sphere which has two doves underneath. Behind the figures, there is a ship in full sail. At the bottom, there is an oval shape set between two scrolls.

The work can be dated to the 1930s, as the style of the figures and decorative motifs are characteristic of the Art Deco era.

Pascual Capuz was a painter, draughtsman and illustrator from Valencia, who studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes de Valencia. In 1907 he moved to Barcelona where he further developed his career as an illustrator, poster designer and draughtsman. The Museum has the preparatory drawing for this etching (Inv. No. CE4/00374).

Item not on display.


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