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Chasuble

Chasuble

Inv. Nr: CE2 / 00335

This chasuble is made of red velvet and consists of two pieces stitched together. The front of the chasuble is decorated with a wide embroidered border, depicting floral motifs and an oval situated in the bottom part containing the figure of Jesus. The reverse side shows three ovals with three Apostles. On both sides, there is an inscription at the bottom of the garment: ‘FRIAN CO’. A decorative border runs all the way around the chasuble, complete with lace wound with silver thread.

The chasuble is outer clothing worn by the priest during the celebration of Mass in Catholic liturgy. The chasuble comes from the Greco-Roman paenula, clothing used by the Roman senatorial class at the beginning of the 4th Century. It was a sleeveless woollen cloak with an opening for the head. Until the 9th century it was common liturgical clothing for priests, a time when it was becoming prevalent for deacons to wear the dalmatic and subdeacons to wear the tunicle. From the 9th century onwards, silk rather than wool was used and it was richly decorated, this was characteristic of Byzantine clothing. With time and after garments had become less heavy, the sides began to be trimmed down, adopting at first an oval shape and then rectangular. From the 16th century, fabric and adornments were used, becoming heavier and heavier, which eventually lead to rectangular chasubles. This piece dates from the 18th century.

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